South Africa has a liberal landscape regarding adolescent sexual and reproductive health rights. Adolescents have the right to consent to sex from the age of 16, and the right to access several sexual and reproductive health services granted that they meet certain age, capacity and public policy requirements. Furthermore, recent amendments to the Sexual Offences Act have decriminalized consensual underage sex for adolescent peers aged 12 – 15, and those between 12 -15 and 16 – 17 granted that there is no more than a two year age gap between them. This seminar details recent amendments to the law on underage sex and considers the implications for researchers and service providers. It also reviews the various criteria that need to be considered for adolescents to access various sexual and reproductive health services.