PAN: Children

Welcome to the PAN:Children Portal. PAN:Children is an online knowledge-hub complemented by dialogue and capacity building activities. We seek to provide timely and up-to-date information on child rights and equity. A partnership between the HSRC and UNICEF, this platform aims to provide a consolidated digital repository on the situation of children in South Africa. Please see the “About Us” page for further information.

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Newsletter: From Evidence to Action

@PAN Children

Latest publications

Link: Publication

The Regional Strategy for Southern Africa 2014-2016 presents a holistic approach that focuses on the following two priorities: First, the fact that various aspects of migration challenges are inter-related. For example, the humanitarian needs related to migration are link to development opportunities and both issues need to be seen in the context of overall security and transnational organized crime trends. And second, there is a need for tackling migration problems increasingly from a regional level rather than a country-by-country approach.

Link: Publication

The Migration Policy Practice covers a range of policy areas, including on child migration, regional policy initiatives in the field of environmental migration, mixed migration flows into Libya, the challenge of counting and documenting lives lost during attempts by migrants to cross borders, and a review of Paul Collier’s book Exodus: Immigration and Multiculturalism in the 21st Century.

The Early Childhood Development Knowledge Building Seminar is a platform that brings research and practice together, highlights achievements in the policy and practice arena, and also looks at the sector from all angles. Theme for this was: 20 years of knowledge building in early childhood development in South Africa. Visit the presentations link to download all the presentations from the seminar.

Unaccompanied Foreign Migrant Children is one in a series of topical guides developed for PAN: Children that provides key information on the current state of affairs in South Africa related to the topic and highlight practical guidance, lessons learnt and case studies (both national and international) that will be helpful in policy development dialogue and knowledge sharing. This topical guide is accompanied by a fact sheet and a policy brief.

This fact sheet discusses unaccompanied foreign migrant children in South Africa prepared by  Prof. Ann Skelton and Karabo Ngidi from the Centre for Child Law.

This policy brief focuses on unaccompanied foreign migrant children and it highlights key policy gaps which lie in the area of access to the care and protection system; denial of education due to lack of documentation; arrest and detention on account of immigration status and the inaccessibility of documents that can legalise the unaccompanied foreign migrant children’s stay in South Africa. Unaccompanied foreign migrant children must be treated as children in need of care and protection and be afforded the benefits that come with that status.

Link: Publication

Twenty years after the end of apartheid South Africa is a different place. It has a well institutionalized democracy. Significant gains have been made in social equity and in reducing extreme poverty. Yet poverty, unemployment and inequality remain South Africa’s most pressing problems. Social change and enhanced access to rights have not translated into comparable economic shifts – unemployment has risen and inequality remains extreme.The paper starts with a brief review of the literature to explore the main trajectories through which inequality impacts on economic development and growth. This includes consideration of the crucial roles of public policy and institutions, as well as the roles of asset inequality, income inequality, and inequality in access to opportunities.The paper then attempts to grapple with the multi-dimensional nature of inequality in South Africa and how social and economic inequality impact on the scope for economic development.


Link: Publication

The Annual National Assessment (ANA) is a critical measure for monitoring progress in learner achievement as outlined in the Education Sector Plan, Action Plan to 2014: Towards the Realisation of Schooling 2025. The report on the ANA 2013 provides the education sector with valuable information on the performance of the system at the level of the school, district and province and also useful information on the performance of the individual learner, which must be used as a guide to identify the critical areas of weakness and to develop relevant interventions for improving learning and teaching in schools.

Link: Publication

The data indicate that great progress has been made in the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV, resulting in an acceleration in the decrease in new HIV infections among babies. Thanks to the expansion of programmes that keep women living with HIV alive and well, and improved regimens for PMTCT, there has been a greater decline in the estimated number of new HIV infections among children since 2009 than over the entire previous decade. The success of PMTCT means more children will be entering adolescence free of HIV. Support from government and partners should focus on keeping these children HIV-free through the second decade of life, and in so doing, we can achieve an AIDS-free generation. Related links: Infographics and the  Double dividend .

Link: Publication

Adolescents (10–19 years) and young people (20–24 years) continue to be vulnerable, both socially and economically, to HIV infection despite efforts to date. This is particularly true for adolescents — especially girls — who live in settings with a generalized HIV epidemic or who are members of key populations at higher risk for HIV acquisition or transmission through sexual transmission and injecting drug use. These guidelines provide specific recommendations and expert suggestions — for national policy-makers and programme managers and their partners and stakeholders— on prioritizing, planning and providing HIV testing, counselling, treatment and care services for adolescents. Related links: Testing and counselling, treatment and care for adolescents living with HIV - Policy brief