PAN: Children

Welcome to the PAN:Children Portal. PAN:Children is an online knowledge-hub complemented by dialogue and capacity building activities. We seek to provide timely and up-to-date information on child rights and equity. A partnership between the HSRC and UNICEF, this platform aims to provide a consolidated digital repository on the situation of children in South Africa. Please see the “About Us” page for further information.

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Newsletter: From Evidence to Action

Latest publications

Link: Publication

The year 2014 marks the seventh Labour Market Dynamics Report in South Africa since the inception of the Quarterly Labour Force Survey (QLFS) in 2008. The report provides information on labour market trends over the period 2008–2014, with particular focus on labour market dynamics as provided for by QLFS panel data. Between 2008 and 2014, the number of employed persons increased from 14,6 million to 15,1 million; however, the number of unemployed persons increased from 4,3 million to 5,1 million, resulting in an increase in the unemployment rate from 22,5% in 2008 to 25,1% in 2014. In addition, the absorption rate in 2014 at 42,8% was still 3,1 percentage points below the peak reached in 2008.

Link: Publication

This statistical release presents information on prenatal deaths in South Africa for prenatal deaths that occurred in 2011 - 2013 based on all perinatal death notification forms from the civil registration system maintained by the Department of Home Affairs (DHA). Specifically, the release provides statistics on the causes of perinatal deaths focusing on the main cause of death. Information on perinatal deaths for the period 1997-2010 has also been included to show trends in perinatal deaths.

Link: Publication

This paper describes voluntary or coerced sexual experience at sexual debut from a longitudinal perspective among a large sample of young South Africans participating in the Birth to Twenty Plus cohort.

PAN: Children from time to time invites experts in the child rights field to write Opinion Pieces on specific topics to stimulate debate.This opinion piece looks, in particular, at government funding for social welfare services as reflected in the budgets tabled in the legislatures in February-March 2014. Most of this funding is found in the budget votes of the nine provincial departments of social development (DSD), while the funding for social assistance, including the various social grants, is found in the budget vote of national DSD. This opinion piece was written for PAN: Children by Debbie Budlender an independent social policy researcher.

Link: Publication

'Knowing How To Protect: Using Research Evidence To Prevent Harm To Children' outlines some ways forward to improve evidence use in child protection. The sad reality is that abuse and neglect of children is not in decline. Much has been written about the need to rethink services and ensure that limited resources achieve the best possible outcomes for our most vulnerable children and families. This report argues that the perceived tension between using evidence to inform practice and professional judgement is misplaced and outdated. It advocates for a move toward ‘Structured Professional Judgement’, in which professional decision-making is supported by research-based standardised tools.

Link: Policy brief

This policy brief assesses how child poverty can be included as part of the new monitoring framework of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and provide specific recommendations to support member states frame the new indicators to help reduce child poverty in the new SDGs. This brief was put together by likeminded partners concerned at the devastating effects of poverty in childhood on children and societies, and the need to mainstream child poverty and the solutions to it in national, sub-national and global policies and plans.

This policy brief aims to examine foster care placement in South Africa and the challenges with which it is fraught. It will seek to provide a way forward for government to ameliorate the plight of the children who require these services as well as those who are rendering them.

Together for Girls launches Safe magazine. Issue I highlights the heroes ending sexual violence and Issue II features a list of 50 global heroes who have taken action to end violence against children.

Link: publication

This report examines and analyses policies and provision for family support and parenting support.The goals of the research are to identify relevant global trends and develop an analytical framework that can be used for future research and policy analysis. For these purposes, new evidence was gathered and existing evidence systematized and analysed. The report is based on general literature searches and evidence gathered from 33 UNICEF national offices, located in different parts of the world, and detailed case studies of nine countries  (Belarus, Chile, China, Croatia, England, Jamaica, the Philippines, South Africa and Sweden).

This National Curriculum Framework (NCF) provides guidance for those developing programmes and working with babies, toddlers and young children from birth to age four; and is based on the National Early Learning and Development Standards (NELDS). The NCF promotes a holistic vision of early childhood development (ECD) which pays attention to: the first 1000 days which are the windows of opportunities for interventions before birth and the first two years of life after birth; and the third and fourth years of life and the time before the child enters primary school. The document is aimed at adults working with from birth to four and includes: parents and caregivers, early childhood practitioners (in centres, family and community support services, child minders), practitioner/educator and support staff and monitoring personnel (government and civil society) who visit the ECD programmes.