PAN: Children

Welcome to the PAN:Children Portal. PAN:Children is an online knowledge-hub complemented by dialogue and capacity building activities. We seek to provide timely and up-to-date information on child rights and equity. A partnership between the HSRC and UNICEF, this platform aims to provide a consolidated digital repository on the situation of children in South Africa. Please see the “About Us” page for further information.

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Latest publications

Link: Publication

This research explores the meaning of dignity in lone mothers’ lives and the extent to which existing or potential social security provision protects or erodes their dignity.  The primary objectives for the research are to explore how lone mothers interpret dignity in the context of their daily lives; how their lived experience of poverty and inequality impact on their dignity; the extent to which they regard social grants as respecting and protecting their dignity; and how the experience of claiming social assistance intersects with their dignity.

Attached are three working papers which were incorporated into the final report:

- Themed Working Paper 1: Defining Lone Motherhood in South Africa

- Themed Working Paper 2: The Impact of Poverty and Inequality on the Dignity of Lone Mothers in South Africa

- Themed Working Paper 1: Social Security and the Dignity of Lone Mothers in South Africa

Presentations done by: Gemma Wright, Michael Noble, Phakama Ntshongwana and David Neves.

Three policy briefs:

- Policy Brief 1: Poverty erodes dignity: perspectives of low income female caregivers in South Africa

- Policy Brief 2: South Africa’s Child Support Grant and the dignity of female caregivers

- Policy Brief 3: The Role of Social Security in Respecting and Protecting the Dignity of Lone Mothers in South Africa: Summary of Findings and Recommendations



PAN: Children from time to time invites experts in the child rights sector to write Opinion Pieces on specific topics to stimulate debate. This piece discusses the role of performing Arts in furthering the rights of children in South Africa. It was written by Lulama Masimini, Gauteng Co-ordinator of ASSITEJ (International Association of Theatre for Children and Young People).

Link: Publication

The Centre for Child Law commissioned Cornerstone Economic Research, to track school infrastucture spending and delivery. This study, amonst other things, makes the concerning finding that the Department of Basic Education has woefully underspent the allocated school infrastructure funding for two years running. The target for the number of schools to be built in 2011/2012 and 2012/2013 was 49. However, only 10 had been completed at the end of the first year.

Link: Publication

The Child Labour Programme of Action (CLPA) is South Africa’s roadmap towards the prevention, reduction and eventual elimination of child labour. The CLPA was first adopted in 2003 after extensive consultation within government, with a wide range of organisations outside government and with groups of teenage children involved in different forms of child labour. The Programme set out specific actions to be taken and assigned responsibility for these actions. The second phase of the CLPA, which was adopted by Cabinet on 4 February 2009, covers the financial years 2008/09 to 2012/13. The third phase of the CLPA will cover the period April 2013 to March 2017.

Link: Publication

The Roadmap specifically calls on governments to “assess the impact of relevant policies on the worst forms of child labour, taking into account gender and age, put in place preventive and time-bound measures and make adequate financial resources available to fight the worst forms of child labour, including through international cooperation”. It also calls on social partners to take “immediate and effective measures within their own competence to secure the prohibition and elimination of the worst forms of child labour as a matter of urgency, including through policies and programmes that address child labour”.

Link: Publication

A Facilitators' guide to the training course "Implementing the Roadmap for Achieving the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour by 2016 - A Training Guide for Policy Makers". Accompanying the training guide is a facilitator’s guide, for those who will use the guide in a training workshop setting. Such a training workshop is seen as one of many steps in a longer-term process of building ownership for national level action to eliminate the worst forms of child labour. 

Link: Publication

This guide examines of modern responses to child labour as embodied in policy and legislation. It covers where and how the lines have been drawn between the types and arrangements of work that have no harmful effect on children and those that do; how countries have expressed their antipathy to child labour and created institutions to combat it; how governments have responded to children not getting a proper education; and how governments have responded to adults exploitation of child labour.

Link: Publication

The IPEC project “Tackling child labour through education” (TACKLE) was jointly launched by the European Commission (EC) and the ILO with the support of the Secretariat of the Africa, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States (ACP) in 2008 to fight child labour in 12 ACP countries (Angola, Fiji, Guyana, Jamaica, Kenya, Madagascar, Mali, Papua New Guinea, Sierra Leone, Sudan, South Sudan and Zambia). The objective of the TACKLE project was to contribute to the withdrawal of children engaged in child labour and to prevent further entry of children into employment by offering them alternative education and training opportunities and thereby contributing towards poverty reduction. It is hoped that this collection of good practices serves as an inspiration for their replication and contributes to the work of practitioners and policy-makers on child labour worldwide.

Link: Publication

The ILO's International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour (IPEC) Implementation Report 2014 provides a summary of the work of the Programme during the biennium 2012-2013. It also provides an overview of significant developments during the biennium including the Global Conference on child labour and new global estimates on child labour.

Link: Publication

This new report is the first in a series to be published annually by the ILO’s International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour. It brings together research on child labour and social protection, identifying policies that are designed to achieve multiple social goals. It discusses the role of poverty and economic shocks in rendering households vulnerable to child labour and considers the impact on child labour of cash transfers, public employment programmes, social insurance and other social protection initiatives as they have been implemented around the world. The report distils a broad range of research in economic and social policy and should be of interest to those looking for ways to combat poverty in the present and reduce its burden on the next generation.