PAN: Children

Welcome to the PAN:Children Portal. PAN:Children is an online knowledge-hub complemented by dialogue and capacity building activities. We seek to provide timely and up-to-date information on child rights and equity. A partnership between the HSRC and UNICEF, this platform aims to provide a consolidated digital repository on the situation of children in South Africa. Please see the “About Us” page for further information.

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Newsletter: From Evidence to Action

Latest publications

New research released by the Centre for Social Development in Africa (CSDA) at the University of Johannesburg finds that social grants are associated with better health outcomes and school attendance for children under eight years. But, a cash transfer is not enough to promote the overall well-being of South Africa's children. To fast track their growth and development, other strategies are needed to complement cash transfers to promote their social, mental, physical and educational development.  The research highlights the important role that the state plays in supporting families in the care of children, but also of parents, caregivers of children, their families and communities. 

On 27 November PAN Children will host the second in the series where Katharine Frost from Ububele will present on the theoretical underpinnings of the approach taken to further build up our understanding of these projects which focus on infant bonding and attachment. ECD policy is progressive but there remains a gap between policy and intervention. The centrality of relationships is acknowledged but needs to be translated into practice. Carol Bews will practically demonstrate the beneficial effect of the Granny programme on babies.This will precede the third in the series, where the outcome of an evaluation will be presented and which is scheduled for early 2018.

This review aims to answer the following questions: (1) What is the impact of school-based decision-making on educational outcomes in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) (Review Question 1)? (2) What are the barriers to (and enablers of) effective models of school-based decision-making (Review Question 2)?

Overall, the study concludes that devolving decision-making authority to the school level can have a positive impact on educational outcomes, with magnitudes of effect in the median range for education programmes, but that this is only likely in more advantaged contexts in which community members are largely literate and have sufficient status to participate as equals in the decision-making process.

The World Development Report 2018 (WDR 2018)—LEARNING to Realize Education’s Promise—is the first ever devoted entirely to education. And the timing is excellent: education has long been critical to human welfare, but it is even more so in a time of rapid economic and social change. The best way to equip children and youth for the future is to place their learning at the center. The 2018 WDR explores four main themes: 1) education’s promise; 2) the need to shine a light on learning; 3) how to make schools work for learners; and 4) how to make systems work for learning.

This report makes the case for ending violence against children across the world, stressing that violence occurs everywhere. It is an output of Know Violence in Childhood – an independent global learning initiative. The project, like the VAC Study, included a series of regional meetings in Central and South-East Asia, the Pacific and Latin America, which brought together a diverse, multidisciplinary group of researchers and experts, practitioners and policy makers to address the issue of violence against children. By examining existing data and commissioning new research, the Initiative has synthesized knowledge on the causes and consequences of childhood violence, and identified evidence-based strategies to prevent childhood violence.

A review of the status of the child’s right to play in South Africa, as protected by the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child’s article 31 and the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child’s article 12.

 

 

This joint report from UNICEF and the International Organization for Migration (IOM) explores in detail survey data from the Central and Eastern Mediterranean Sea routes to Europe, focusing on adolescents and youth on the move from Africa and Asia. The analysis reveals staggering rates of trafficking and exploitation, and also points to the xenophobia and racism that make young refugees and migrants − especially those from sub-Saharan Africa − vulnerable

 

There are things that every policy maker and development partner working in the field of education want to know: what works? What are the best ways to get kids into school, keep them there, and learn? Which options have the best evidence of their effectiveness? And what are the costs?

This ‘Super Synthesis’ of the evidence draws from 18 systematic reviews, meta-analyses and comparative reviews of ‘what works’ in education for development. Collectively, these reviews bring together the key findings from more than 700 rigorous studies and their supporting research. By condensing this vast literature into an eight-page operational guideline, the Super Synthesis identifies which interventions have the greatest impact on student learning and education participation in developing country contexts.

Link: Book Details

The 2008 financial crisis triggered the worst global recession since the Great Depression. Many OECD countries responded to the crisis by reducing social spending. Through 11 diverse country case studies (Belgium, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom, and the United States), this volume describes the evolution of child poverty and material well-being during the crisis, and links these outcomes with the responses by governments.

The analysis underlines that countries with fragmented social protection systems were less able to protect the incomes of households with children at the time when unemployment soared. In contrast, countries with more comprehensive social protection cushioned the impact of the crisis on households with children, especially if they had implemented fiscal stimulus packages at the onset of the crisis. Although the macroeconomic 'shock' itself and the starting positions differed greatly across countries, while the responses by governments covered a very wide range of policy levers and varied with their circumstances, cuts in social spending and tax increases often played a major role in the impact that the crisis had on the living standards of families and children.

This issue paper was prepared to stimulate debate and to elicit responses which will serve as basis for the SALRC‘s deliberations in an investigation into the rights of a child to know his or her own biological origins.

The SA Law Reform Commission (SALRC) is asking for comment on its Issue Paper on whether a child should have a legal right to know his or her biological origins and how such a right could be enforced and whether the law should be amended in light of prevailing and anticipated circumstances and contemporary mores and thinking.

Find here: Issue Paper 32: The Right to Know One‘s Own Biological Origins

Comments can be emailed to Veruksha Bhana at [email protected]  by no later than Thursday, 31 August 2017.

Enquiries can be directed to Veruksha Bhana on tel (012) 622 6332