PAN: Children

Welcome to the PAN:Children Portal. PAN:Children is an online knowledge-hub complemented by dialogue and capacity building activities. We seek to provide timely and up-to-date information on child rights and equity. A partnership between the HSRC and UNICEF, this platform aims to provide a consolidated digital repository on the situation of children in South Africa. Please see the “About Us” page for further information.

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Newsletter: From Evidence to Action

Latest publications

This case study profiles the Hummingbird Children’s Centre and looks at how their play programmes address the lack of play spaces for children in South Africa. It looks at their successes and challenges as well as possible policy implications.

PAN:Children literature reviews provide a short digest of evidence related to a specific child rights issue and this discussion of the relevant literature presents a useful summary of current debates. This literature note focuses on the key factors that influence adolescents towards alcohol and drug abuse.

Link: Publication

Child poverty is defined as non-fulfilment of children’s rights to survival, development, protection and participation, anchored in the Convention on the Rights of the Child. DHS and MICS household survey data is used, taking the child as unit of analysis and applying a life-cycle approach when selecting dimensions and indicators to capture the different deprivations children experience at different stages of their life. The paper goes beyond mere deprivation rates and identifies the depth of child poverty by analysing the extent to which the different deprivations are experienced simultaneously. The analysis is done across thirty countries in sub-Saharan Africa that together represent 78% of the region’s total population. The findings show that 67% of all the children in the thirty countries suffer from two to five deprivations crucial to their survival and development, corresponding to 247 million out of a total of 368 million children below the age of 18 living in these thirty countries.

‘Cities and children: The challenge of urbanisation in Tanzania’ stresses that, while national development plans and policies give strong attention to the country’s rural areas, children growing up in urban areas merit greater attention than they have received so far. Many of these children, especially those living in unplanned urban settlements, are often not better off, and, in some cases, are even worse off, than their rural peers – in terms of: living conditions; access to quality services, infrastructure and amenities; and exposure to risks specifically associated with the urban environment and lifestyle.

PAN: Children from time to time invites experts in the child rights sector to write Opinion Pieces on specific topics to stimulate debate. This piece highlights the benefits and challenges for the inclusion of children with disabilities in Early Childhood Development (ECD). It was written by Sue Philpott from the Disability Research Action Team (DART).

The full 2015 Budget Speech by  Finance Minister Nhlanhla Nene .

State of the Province Address (SOPA) 2015 by Premier's of different provinces in South Africa.

This discussion paper provides an overview of disability in early childhood and highlights the importance of providing opportunities during this period to ensure children with disabilities can reach their development potential and participate meaningfully in their home, schools and communities. The evidence presented underscores the urgent need to strengthen and scale up early childhood development initiatives for young children with disabilities and their families.

The workshop held on 12 November 2013 aimed to: explore the meanings of the concept of food security and how these are expressed in policies and programmatic interventions of government departments and civil society groups; assess the usefulness of existing indicators to monitor food security- including the quality of available data and information sources; and investigate the range of low-cost and high-frequency approaches available to measure and monitor household food security in South Africa. The workshop discussions took place under three themes: measuring food security in the context of South Africa’s  double burden of hunger and malnutrition, towards developing a comprehensive/composite indicator for food security in South Africa, and, the diversity of household food access in South Africa: comparing tools. Presentations are attached above and the full report can be accessed by contacting the Policy Action Network

This Department of Science and Technology Government Cluster Policy Workshop held on 11 September 2013 spoke to Outcome 7 in government’s programme of action, namely the creation of vibrant, equitable and sustainable rural communities. Specifically Output 4 – improved employment and skills development opportunities (indicator: number of youth participating in the National Rural Youth Service Corps [NARYSEC]).  Participants in this workshop reflected on the successes of and challenges faced in applying the approach and methods used in the NARYSEC programme, drew upon comparable programme experiences, and examined pertinent research evidence. It is expected that the knowledge shared and the recommendations generated in the workshop will inform other national and provincial youth development programmes. Presentations are attached and a policy note from the workshop can be downloaded above. A full report is available from the Policy Action Network on request.